Université Laval has been working to curtail its greenhouse gas emissions for quite some time. To ensure improvement, it is necessary to measure progress. Thus the university compiles data on its scope 1 and scope 2 GHG emissions on an annual basis and carries out a complete assessment of all emissions every three years.


Emission categories

Emissions are divided into three categories according to the Université Laval Greenhouse Gas Protocol (based on recognized international standards for calculating and classifying greenhouse gases, such as the GHG Protocol and ISO 14064-1:2006).


Direct emissions (categories 1 and 2)

Scope 1 and scope 2 emissions are the result of operations for which Université Laval is directly or indirectly responsible. Since the university has full responsibility for choosing the methods and equipment used in such operations, it is fully accountable for related greenhouse gas emissions. These are the emissions that Université Laval must offset to achieve and maintain campus carbon neutrality.

Direct emission sources2016-2017 assessment
(CO2eq. in tons)

Scope 1 - Heating


Scope 1 - Internal transportation


Scope 1 - Halocarbons


Scope 2 - Electricity


Scope 1 and 2 - Montmorency Forest operations


Total direct emissions



Indirect emissions (Category 3)

Scope 3 emissions are not the direct responsibility of the university, although they result from actions relating to its activities. Université Laval does not determine the methods and tools used for these actions; such choices are made by individuals and organizations outside the institution. As such, the university is not responsible for greenhouse gas emissions related to these choices.

Indirect emission sources2015-2016 assessment
(CO2eq. in tons)

Daily transportation used by students and staff


Business and educational air travel by staff and students


Business and educational car travel by staff and students


Trash incineration


Procurement (Building Services) and waste transportation


Montmorency Forest - Procurement, transportation and waste transportation


Total indirect emissions


GHG emissions assessments

In 2016-2017, the scope 1 and scope 2 GHG emissions assessment compiled 24,187 tons of CO2 equivalent, which represents a 34% decrease in emissions since 2006 (base year). In terms of grams of CO2 equivalent/ m2/FTS (employee and full time student equivalent), this represents a decrease of 56%.




GHG emissions are calculated using the emission factors method and quantified in CO2 equivalent. The principles and working hypotheses used in realizing GHG assessments are based on the following references:

  • GHG Protocol, A Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard, revised edition (2004); and
  • ISO 14064-1:2006, Greenhouse Gases Part I – Specification with guidance at the organization level for quantification and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions and removals.

An approach based on administrative control is used. As such, the buildings that the university owns and for which it has 100% administrative control are taken into account in this approach. This is why rented buildings or condominiums, such as la Fabrique or le Vieux Séminaire, are excluded from the assessments. Similarly, properties whose emissions account for less than one percent of the total are excluded. The results thus comprise the main campus and the Montmorency Forest.

Among the gases that have a greenhouse effect, three of the six gases in the Kyoto Protocol are considered in these assessments, i.e. CO2, CH4, and N2O. PFCs and SF6 are not considered, since they are not produced by university activities. HFCs, which represent less than 1% of total GHG emissions produced by Université Laval, are also excluded from assessments.




Office of the Executive Vice Rector, Development
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Université Laval
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